Yes, students are allowed to bring one commercially published resource that may be annotated and tabbed (limit 3 words on tab).
(section: 2 / paragraph: 1 / sub-paragraph: 1 / line: 3)
No. Pictures cannot be taped into the field guide but they can be included in the allowable notes. Written notes would be considered annotations in the field guide.
(section: 2 / paragraph: a / line: 3)
Yes, highlighting notes in the book is allowed.
(section: ? / paragraph: ? / sub-paragraph: ? / line: ?)
From the rules... "The taxonomic scheme is based upon the Audubon Insect and Spider Field Guide. Any arbitrations questions will defer to this resource as the correct answer. " and on p 512 cochineal bugs are labeled as Family Dactylopiidae. its not a perfect system, and no book I am aware of will resolve every issue that can arise with the fluidity of insect taxonomy.